Russia Won’t Use Nuclear Weapons

Putin Is Rational: Former Russian Minister

Former Foreign Minister of Russia 1990-1996 and member of the State Duma (parliament) till 2000, Andrei V Kozyrev has come out to allay fears of Russia applying nuclear weapons in their current war against Ukraine. Andrei gives several reasons to back his view.

Andrei V Kozyrev
@andreivkozyrev
_Lots of discussions about the threat of nuclear war from the Kremlin and whether Putin is rational. I share my thoughts in this thread._
_To frame: I do not believe Russia would use nuclear weapons and I believe Putin is a rational actor_
_First of all, I want to examine where the questioning of Putin’s rationality started. I think it began because most people, particularly in the West, view his decision to invade Ukraine as utterly irrational. I disagree. It’s horrific, but not irrational._
_To understand why the invasion was rational for Putin, we have to step into his shoes. Three beliefs came together at the same time in his calculus:_
_1. Ukraine’s condition as a country_
_2. Russian military’s condition_
_3. The West’s geopolitical condition_
_1. Ukraine’s condition. Putin spent the last 20 years believing that Ukraine is not a real nation and, at best, should be a satellite state. Maidan ended any hope of keeping Ukraine independent and pro-Kremlin. He thought the West was behind it. If Ukraine’s government cannot be kept independent and pro-Kremlin covertly, as he likely concluded, then he will overtly force it to be. He also started to believe his own propagandists that Ukraine is run by a Nazi-Bandera junta. Perfect pretext to “de-Nazify” Ukraine._
_2. Russian military. The Kremlin spent the last 20 years trying to modernize its military. Much of that budget was stolen and spent on mega-yachts in Cyprus. But as a military advisor you cannot report that to the President. So they reported lies to him instead. Potemkin military_
_3. The West. The Russian ruling elite believed its own propaganda that Pres. Biden is mentally inept. They also thought the EU was weak because of how toothless their sanctions were in 2014. And then the U.S. botched its withdrawal from Afghanistan, solidifying this narrative._
_If you believe all three of the above to be true and your goal is to restore the glory of the Russian Empire (whatever that means), then it is perfectly rational to invade Ukraine._
_He miscalculated on all three, but that doesn’t make him insane. Simply wrong and immoral. So, in my opinion, he is rational. Given that he is rational, I strongly believe he will not intentionally use nuclear weapons against the West. I say intentionally because indiscriminate shelling near a nuclear power plant can cause an unintentional nuclear disaster in Ukraine._
_I will take it a step further. The threat of nuclear war is another example of his rationality. The Kremlin knows it can try to extract concessions, whether from Ukraine or the West, by saber-rattling its last remaining card in the deck: nuclear weapons._
_The ultimate conclusion here is that the West should not agree to any unilateral concessions or limit its support of Ukraine too much for the fear of nuclear war._

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