Uganda Today: East Africa: Federation Or Confederation?
For a long time, the political talk of East African Federation has reverberated on the region’s political scene but without resulting in actual implementation of the scheme. Recently there has been a recourse to talk of Confederation following a political scheme to expand the East African Community to include Somalia, Ethiopia and Djibouti. Currently it consists Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda, South Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. If it expands that much, it will not only include most of the Great Lakes Region of which Congo Brazzaville is also a part, but also most of the Nile Basin, excluding Egypt and Sudan.
Second, the Nile Basin Initiative was formed in 1989 with Burundi, DRC, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda as members and Third, Presidents Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya, Ali Hassan Mwinyi of Tanzania, and Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda signed the Treaty for East African Co-operation in Kampala on 30 November 1993 and established a Tripartite Commission for Co-operation.
Ironically, the constant political figure and voice while all these changes have been taking place is President Tibuhaburwa Museveni.